WASHINGTON – Saturday mail may soon go the way of the Pony Express and penny postcards.
The Postal Service said Wednesday that it plans to cut back to five-day-a-week deliveries for everything except packages to stem its financial losses in a world radically reordered by the Internet.
Our financial condition is urgent, Postmaster General Patrick Donahoe declared.
But Congress has voted in the past to bar the idea of eliminating Saturday delivery, and his announcement drew protests from some lawmakers. The plan, to take effect in August, also brought vigorous objections from farmers, the letter carriers’ union and others.
The Postal Service, which suffered a $15.9 billion loss in the past budget year, said it expects to save $2 billion annually with the Saturday cutback. Mail such as letters and magazines would be affected. Delivery of packages of all sizes would continue six days a week.
The plan accentuates one of the agency’s strong points: Package delivery has increased by 1 percent since 2010, officials say, while the delivery of letters and other mail has plummeted. Email has decreased the mailing of paper letters, but online purchases have increased package shipping, forcing the Postal Service to adjust to customers’ habits.
Things change, Donahoe said.
In fact, the Postal Service has had to adapt to changing times ever since Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general by the Continental Congress in 1775. The Pony Express began in 1860, six-day delivery started in 1863, and airmail became the mode in 1918. Twice-a-day delivery was cut to one in 1950 to save money.
But change is not the biggest factor in the agency’s predicament – Congress is. The majority of the service’s red ink comes from a 2006 law forcing it to pay about $5.5 billion a year into future retiree health benefits, something no other agency does. Without that payment – $11.1 billion in a two-year installment last year – and related labor expenses, the mail agency sustained an operating loss of $2.4 billion for the past fiscal year, lower than the previous year.
Congress also has stymied the Postal Service’s efforts to close some post offices in small towns.
Under the new plan, mail would be delivered to homes and businesses only from Monday through Friday but would still be delivered to post office boxes Saturdays. Post offices now open Saturdays would remain open.
Over the past several years, the Postal Service has advocated shifting to a five-day delivery schedule for mail and packages – and it repeatedly but unsuccessfully has appealed to Congress to approve the move. An independent agency, the Postal Service gets no tax dollars for its day-to-day operations but is subject to congressional control.
The proposed change is based on what appears to be a legal loophole – and that may be a gamble. Congress has long included a ban on five-day-only delivery in its spending bills, but because the federal government is now operating under a temporary spending measure rather than an appropriations bill, Donahoe says it’s the agency’s interpretation that it can make the change itself.
This is not like a gotcha’ or anything like that, he said. The agency essentially wants Congress to keep the ban out of any new spending bill after the temporary measure expires March 27.
Might Congress try to block the idea?
Let’s see what happens, he said. I can’t speak for Congress.
AlsoThe Postal Service announced Wednesday that it planned to cut back to five-day-a-week deliveries for everything except packages. The details:
Saturday delivery of mail, such as letters and magazines that are going to street addresses, would end; delivery would be only Monday through Friday
Mail addressed to P.O. boxes still would be delivered on Saturday
Post offices now open on Saturday would remain open on Saturday
Delivery of packages of all sizes would remain the same, i.e., six days a week
The change would begin the week of Aug. 5
Officials estimated that the cutback would save around $2 billion annually when it was fully in place