Wall Street greeted a second Obama term the way it greeted the first.
Investors dumped stocks Wednesday in the sharpest sell-off of the year. With the election only hours behind them, they focused on big problems ahead in Washington and across the Atlantic Ocean.
Frantic selling recalled the days after Barack Obama’s first victory, as the financial crisis raged and stocks spiraled downward.
Four years later, American voters returned a divided government to power and left investors fretting about a package of tax increases and government spending cuts that could stall the economic recovery unless Congress acts to stop it by Jan. 1.
In Europe, leaders warned that unemployment could remain high for years, and cut their forecasts for economic growth for this year and 2013.
The head of the European Central Bank said not even powerhouse Germany is immune.
The Dow Jones industrial average plummeted as much as 369 points, or 2.8 percent, in the first two hours of trading. It recovered steadily in the afternoon but slid into the close and ended down 313, its biggest point drop since this time last year.
It does look ugly, said Robert Pavlik, chief market strategist at Banyan Partners LLC. He said it was hard to untangle the effect of Europe-related selling from nerves about the nation’s fiscal uncertainty.
It’s a combination of all that, quite honestly, Pavlik said.
It was the worst day for stocks this year, but not the worst after an election. That distinction belongs to 2008, when Obama was elected at the depths of the financial crisis. The Dow fell 486 points the next day.
This time, energy companies and bank stocks suffered some of the biggest losses. Both industries would have faced lighter, less costly regulation if Mitt Romney had won the election.
Stocks seen as benefiting from Obama’s decisive re-election rose. They included hospitals, suddenly free of the threat that Romney would roll back Obama’s health care law.
Quick takePerformance of the Dow Jones industrial average by party controlling the White House, listed with presidents in office, since 1900:
1901-1912 (Republican – McKinley, T. Roosevelt, Taft): Up 48.3 percent
1913-1920 (Democratic – Wilson): Up 29.2 percent
1921-1932 (Republican – Harding, Coolidge, Hoover): Down 24.5 percent
1933-1952 (Democratic – F. Roosevelt, Truman): Up 318.4 percent
1953-1960 (Republican – Eisenhower): Up 121.2 percent
1961-1968 (Democratic – Kennedy, Johnson): Up 58.3 percent
1969-1976 (Republican – Nixon, Ford): Up 2.1 percent
1977-1980 (Democratic – Carter): Down 3 percent
1981-1992 (Republican – Reagan, G.H.W. Bush): Up 247 percent
1993-2000 (Democratic – Clinton): Up 236.7 percent
2001-2008 (Republican – G.W. Bush): Down 12.1 percent
2009-2012 (Democratic – Obama): Up 36.2 percent through Tuesday